Many parents believe that young children do not need sunscreen and just covering is enough. So should we use sunscreen for children?
Using sunscreen is quite popular with mothers and sisters. But for young children, very few families apply it when going out. Meanwhile, a child’s delicate skin is easily damaged by the UV rays found in the sun. So should we use sunscreen for children when going out?
Should use sunscreen for children
According to dermatologists, the skin of children 1-3 years old with the horny layer is usually thinner and less melanin than adults. So it has little ability to resist UV radiation. In addition, the proportion of a child’s body surface area is larger than their body weight. So the child’s ability to absorb sunlight through the skin is also much higher than that of adults.
Therefore, if children are regularly exposed to the sun incorrectly in the first years of life, they will cause their skin to increase the number of pigmentation and may cause some other genetic mutations. Especially in the summer, too much sun can still burn a child, even with adequate protective clothing.
Dermatologists recommend that parents should protect their baby from noon and summer sun exposure. In case of going out, in addition to letting children wear long and loose sleeves. Parents need to prepare other sun protection devices such as umbrellas, hats, hats, glasses to ensure children’s health. For children over 1 year old, parents should apply sunscreen with SPF ≥15 on the face, back of hands and skin areas that cannot be covered by clothing. This will help protect your child’s delicate skin from the negative effects of ultraviolet rays.
How to read sunscreen packaging and labels
What parents should be most concerned about on the package and label of the sunscreen is the SPF value. Whether it is an adult or a child. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, whenever a child’s skin is exposed to the sun. A child’s skin will be affected by ultraviolet rays and these rays can harm the skin within 15 minute.
The main factors in the sun that cause these negative effects are two types of UV rays: UVA and UVB. Each type of rays will have different wavelengths and different levels of skin penetration. According to the American Academy of Dermatology. UVB is considered a “sunburn” and UVA is the “aging ray”.
Sunscreen will provide a protective film against these types of UV rays. The higher the SPF number, the more radiation protected. Although the difference between the SPF numbers is quite small. However, SPF only protects the skin from UVB rays, not UVA. To help children protect their skin against both, parents should choose a sunscreen with “broad spectrum”. What anti-creams are on the SPF and PA packaging are those that can restrict both types of rays.
Some sunscreens are also “water resistant”, meaning the SPF on the label stays true even if the child is soaked for 40 minutes in water. For sunscreens that are highly water resistant, that time can be up to 80 minutes in the absence of dry wipes.
How to choose sunscreen for babies
The first thing when choosing a sunscreen for children is that parents must pay attention to the safety index and the suitability level for children. If the child is only out in the sun for a short time, parents can use a sunscreen for babies with SPF 30 or below. When children go swimming or swimming, they will need sunscreens with a higher rating such as SPF 40 or SPF50 and additional water resistance to prevent sunscreen from drifting off.
In addition, sunscreen must be applied to children 30 minutes before going out. Because applying while going out in the sun will not have much effect on the skin. Depending on the skin area can be applied more or less. But usually will need about 2 teaspoons to be enough for the entire body of the child.
In addition to the topical form, the sunscreen comes in a spray form and also needs to be sprayed with a sufficient amount to be effective. However, whether using spray or topical, parents should not apply or spray directly on the child’s skin. But apply on the palms of the hands first then rub well and apply gently on the young person. With the spray form. Parents can spray directly on young people, but not for the facial skin.
With sunscreens for children, applying sunscreen every 2 hours will ensure safer and effective sun protection for children. Especially in case of exposure to water, children need to be reapplied with sunscreen after 2 hours so that their skin does not burn or become red.
How to use sunscreen for children safely?
Before using anti-child creams, parents should note a few things below:
- For children under 6 months old, parents need to consult a doctor before using sunscreen on children. Absolutely do not buy and use voluntarily because it can harm children.
- Apply sunscreen to children carefully. Because the child’s skin is fragile and easily irritated. Parents need to apply it gently, comfortably and ensure the child’s whole body is satisfied. Note, do not let sunscreen get into children’s eyes.
- According to dermatologists, children over 1 year old should use creams containing inorganic filters such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide. These ingredients do not penetrate the first two layers of the horny layer, so they cause less irritation while still being effective against UVA and UVB rays.
- Absolutely do not give children creams containing ingredients made from oxybenzone or retinyl palmitate. These two substances are not only harmful to children but also harmful to the marine environment.
- Choose sunscreens with SPF ≥15 outside that have the words “broad-spectrum” or PA symbol to help prevent many types of harmful rays.
- Do not use scented cream lines to avoid irritating your baby’s skin.
Sunscreen will be an effective tool to help protect children from the harmful effects of the sun’s rays. We hopes that through this article, parents have the answer to the question: ” Should sunscreen be used for children when going out?” and then know how to protect children’s skin more effectively.